Internal Email Address for External People
A common request is for an external contractor to be given an email address in your domain, then any email to be sent to the contractor's own email account.
This can be easily achieved using Mail Enabled Contacts.
What Are Mail Enabled Contacts?
These are entries made in active directory that link to email addresses that are outside of your organisation. These contacts will appear in the Global Address List, allowing users to select them and send email messages to them.
Their primary use is for forwarding email from an existing mailbox. You can only select GAL entries when choosing the forward and this is how they are made. It also allows you to add entries to the GAL of people frequently contacted by members of your organisation - such as suppliers and other contacts.
Using the facility to store and forward email messages is one way of giving the external contractor an email address while keeping a copy of the email received on your system.
Creating a Conventional Mail Enabled Contact
Mail Enabled Contacts are quick and easy to create. A good tip is to create their own section in "Active Directory Users and Computers" (ADUC) so that you can group them away from the main AD accounts.
To create a Mail Enabled Contact:
- Start ADUC on the Exchange Server.
- Right click on the "Users" group and choose New, Contact.
- Follow the wizard, entering the display information. Click next.
- You will be prompted to create an Exchange alias. If you are not, then you aren't doing the procedure on the Exchange server.
- Click on "Modify" next to the greyed out "E-Mail" box.
- Choose "SMTP Address" and press OK.
- Enter the email address that you wish to forward to.
- Click finish.
Once created you can hide the Contact from the GAL by looking at the Properties of the contact, then clicking on "Exchange Advanced" and selecting the relevant box. This is particularly useful when forwarding email from an existing mailbox as it stops users from sending directly to the contact instead of the mailbox first.
You can also add this contact to any mail enabled distribution groups you may have - making it useful when configuring pagers and other tools for alerting staff when something goes wrong.
It is easiest to add contacts to groups from the properties of the contact rather than the group.
Sending the Email Out Again
If you are not interested in keeping a copy of the email message, and just want to forward the message to the consultant's own email account, then setting up a mailbox is a waste of drive space.
Simply add another email address to the contact and Exchange will send all email straight back out again.
- Right click on the contact and choose Properties.
- Click on E-mail addresses tab.
- Click "New..." and choose SMTP Address.
- Enter an address that is internal.
- Press Apply/OK.
The account will have two email addresses on it:
The internal email address will now be recognised by AD/Exchange and it will accept delivery of the message, before immediately sending it out to the external address.
It is key that the external address is the default address on the email addresses tab, and is the email address listed on the "Exchange General" tab of the contact. If it is not configured this way then it causes an internal email loop on the server (which Exchange should catch).
There are risks associated with this process.
- The biggest being email loops.
If the external consultant forwards his email to his email address on your system then email will bounce between the two. If you are using a contact only, then the remote machine is more likely to fall over before yours. If there is a mailbox on your system then your server is at risk.
- Similarly you need to be careful that you use a valid email address for the recipient otherwise email loops will occur with the message failed notification.
- Finally there is the risk of internal material going out to a server that you do not have control over.